söndag 10 maj 2020

From Moore’s Law to the Carbon Law (paper)

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This is the second paper that comes out of the FLIGHT research project

Our second paper from the FLIGHT research project, "From Moore’s Law to the Carbon Law", has been accepted for publication at the upcoming Sixth Workshop on Computing within Limits. All five authors work in the FLIGHT research project (or, formally, "Decreased CO2-emissions in flight-intensive organisations: from data to practice") and they are Daniel Pargman, Aksel Biørn-Hansen, Elina Eriksson, Jarmo Laaksolahti and Markus Robèrt.

I wrote a blog post about the first paper from the project, "On the necessity of flying and of not flying", only one and half month ago and while these two papers have not exactly been written in parallell, they partly overlap (with me as the first author of this paper and my colleague Elina as the first author of the previous paper).

The paper submission deadline was originally at the end of March, but it was postponed two weeks due to Covid-19. We just found out the paper has been accepted and there's now a very short turn-around to improve the paper (taking the feedback of the reviewers into account). The paper itself will be published and made available online sometime later this summer.

The paper was originally meant to be a more narrow description of the problem (researches fly too much) as well as of our project and our proposed solution (e.g. how we work to decrease CO2 emissions from flying at KTH). As we brainstormed and developed the core argument of the paper (before we actually started to write it), we realized we could reach higher and argue for something larger and more fundamental than what we originally imagined, linking the paper to the conference and to what others have previously attempted to do within the area of Computing within Limits.

A key phrase and a starting point for the paper is that a goal of the Limits community is “to impact society through the design and development of computing systems in the abundant present for use in a future of limits and/or scarcity”. The paper's argument in a nutshell is that it has proved difficult to design and develop such systems since we only have very general (and hazy) ideas about what "a future  of limits and/or scarcity" will look like. To develop systems for an unknown future is obviously hard and the alternative is that different researchers have (possibly very) different ideas about what future(s) we are aiming or heading for. It has in other words been hard to find common ground. This paper addresses that conundrum by proposing a roadmap for going from here (the present) to there (the future) in the hope that it might provide a foundation for future Limits papers. The paper was easy to write but we expect it to generate  a lot of discussions (and possibly controversy). Here is the paper abstract:


ABSTRACT
In society in general and within computing in particular, there has, and continues to be, a focus on faster, cheaper, better etc. Such perspectives clash with the fact that impeding climate change and the need for radically decreased CO2 emissions (c.f. the Paris Agreement) will have fundamental and far-reaching ramification for computing and for all other sectors of society during the coming decades.

In the call for the first Computing within Limits workshop, it was stated that “A goal of this community is to impact society through the design and development of computing systems in the abundant present for use in a future of limits and/or scarcity.” There have since been several contributions to Computing within Limits that have accepted the challenge of discussing and imagining what such systems as well as what “a future of limits and/or scarcity” could look like. Despite this, there is currently no consensus about what exactly such a future entails and the community can consequently only offer hazy ideas about exactly what systems we should strive to design and develop. The basic problem can be summed up as follows: we know that fundamental changes are necessary and will come, but we still struggle with envisioning what a post-growth/decarbonising society looks like and what computing systems need to be designed and developed for use in such futures, or, to support that transition.

In this paper we argue that the work of imagining an actionable “future of limits” could benefit from using the “carbon law” as a starting point. The carbon law is based on work in the environmental sciences and we exemplify how it can be used to generate requirements that can guide the development of computing systems for a future of limits. While these lessons are general, we exemplify by describing a research project that aims to support the KTH Royal Institute of Technology’s goal of - in line with the carbon law - radically reducing CO2 emissions from academic flying over the next decade. We give examples of how computing can aid in this task, including by presenting visualisation tools that we have developed to support the KTH carbon abatement goals. We also discuss the role of computer science in general and of Computing within Limits in particular in supporting the transition to a more sustainable (or at least a less unsustainable) future.
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    SPELLS TO MAKE THINGS RIGHT IN MY RELATIONSHIP/MARRIAGE, SPELLS TO GET A GOOD PARTNER.
    Discipline enemies with dr faru fast spells..
    REAL DEATH SPELLS
    LEGIT LOVE SPELLS
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    EARLY JAIL FREE
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    JACKPOT WINNING
    CONTACT VICTORY SPELLS ON WHATSAPP/ CALL DR FARU FAST SPELLS +2347040198003
    Email: Fastspells8@gmail.com

    SvaraRadera
  21. DR FARU FAST SPELLS MOST FAMOUS VOODOO REVENGE AND DEATH SPELL CASTER CALL OR WHATSAPP +2347040198003
    The most dangerous moment comes with victory. Wherever work is done, victory is attained.
    CONTACT DR FARU FAST SPELLS ON WHATSAPP +2347040198003
    Dr Faru Spells work for people that are in pains and needs help to solve problems.
    SINCERELY BLACK MAGIC SPELLS, LOST LOVE SPELLS, DEATH SPELLS, WHITE MAGIC, MARRIAGE SPELLS, PROTECTION SPELLS , JACKPOT WINNING SPELLS, DEATH SPELLS, RELATIONSHIP BREAK UP, COURT CASES SPELLS. SPELLS TO GET A GOOD JOB.
    SPELLS TO MAKE THINGS RIGHT IN MY RELATIONSHIP/MARRIAGE, SPELLS TO GET A GOOD PARTNER.
    Discipline enemies with dr faru fast spells..
    REAL DEATH SPELLS
    LEGIT LOVE SPELLS
    PROTECTION SPELLS
    EARLY JAIL FREE
    COURT CASE SPELLS
    JACKPOT WINNING
    CONTACT VICTORY SPELLS ON WHATSAPP/ CALL DR FARU FAST SPELLS +2347040198003
    Email: Fastspells8@gmail.com

    SvaraRadera
  22. DR FARU FAST SPELLS MOST FAMOUS VOODOO REVENGE AND DEATH SPELL CASTER CALL OR WHATSAPP +2347040198003
    The most dangerous moment comes with victory. Wherever work is done, victory is attained.
    CONTACT DR FARU FAST SPELLS ON WHATSAPP +2347040198003
    Dr Faru Spells work for people that are in pains and needs help to solve problems.
    SINCERELY BLACK MAGIC SPELLS, LOST LOVE SPELLS, DEATH SPELLS, WHITE MAGIC, MARRIAGE SPELLS, PROTECTION SPELLS , JACKPOT WINNING SPELLS, DEATH SPELLS, RELATIONSHIP BREAK UP, COURT CASES SPELLS. SPELLS TO GET A GOOD JOB.
    SPELLS TO MAKE THINGS RIGHT IN MY RELATIONSHIP/MARRIAGE, SPELLS TO GET A GOOD PARTNER.
    Discipline enemies with dr faru fast spells..
    REAL DEATH SPELLS
    LEGIT LOVE SPELLS
    PROTECTION SPELLS
    EARLY JAIL FREE
    COURT CASE SPELLS
    JACKPOT WINNING
    CONTACT VICTORY SPELLS ON WHATSAPP/ CALL DR FARU FAST SPELLS +2347040198003
    Email: Fastspells8@gmail.com

    SvaraRadera
  23. HOW I GOT MY WIFE BACK HOME WITH THE HELP OF A REAL AND GENUINE ONLINE LOVE SPELL CASTER DR. WALE TEXT/WHATSAPP +1(978) 406-9575.

    I am very happy to recommend Dr. Wale to everyone that truly needs help to fix his or her broken relationship and marriage. When I found Dr. Wale online I was desperately  in need of help to bring my ex Wife back. She left me for another man. It all happened so fast and I had no say in the situation at all. She just left me after 3 years of our marriage without any explanation. I was very worried and could not eat till I went online and I found testimonies on DR. Wale so I decided to contact Dr. Wale through his whatsApp and I explain everything to him so he helps me cast a love spell to help us get back together. Shortly after he did the spell, my wife started texting and calling me again. She said that she was sorry and said that I was the most important person in her life and she knows that now. you can also contact him now for urgent help.

    WhatsApp: +1(978) 406-9575

    Email: everlastingspellcast@gmail.com

     or his view website: https://everlastingspellcaster.website2.me/contact  

    SvaraRadera
  24. HOW I GOT MY WIFE BACK HOME WITH THE HELP OF A REAL AND GENUINE ONLINE LOVE SPELL CASTER DR. WALE TEXT/WHATSAPP +1(978) 406-9575.

    I am very happy to recommend Dr. Wale to everyone that truly needs help to fix his or her broken relationship and marriage. When I found Dr. Wale online I was desperately  in need of help to bring my ex Wife back. She left me for another man. It all happened so fast and I had no say in the situation at all. She just left me after 3 years of our marriage without any explanation. I was very worried and could not eat till I went online and I found testimonies on DR. Wale so I decided to contact Dr. Wale through his whatsApp and I explain everything to him so he helps me cast a love spell to help us get back together. Shortly after he did the spell, my wife started texting and calling me again. She said that she was sorry and said that I was the most important person in her life and she knows that now. you can also contact him now for urgent help.

    WhatsApp: +1(978) 406-9575

    Email: everlastingspellcast@gmail.com

     or his view website: https://everlastingspellcaster.website2.me/contact  

    SvaraRadera
  25. It's a privilege to share this miraculous testimony to the world. I'm Beth Walters from England. My husband divorced me 4 months back and I have been filled with remorse for I didn't know what to do to amend issues with my husband. I searched for help on the internet on how I could get help in my marriage and I discovered great testimonies about Priest Ade who has been progressive with his spells. I got in touch with him and behold, Priest Ade told me that he will prepare a spell for me that will bring back my husband. I was skeptical but I had no other option but to work with him. 2 days later, my husband called me to say that he's coming back home and from that day till this moment, we have been living peacefully. He is back now with so much love and caring. today i am glad to let you all know that this spell caster has the power to bring lovers back and the most surprising thing is that our love is very strong now,every day is happiness and joy. and There is nothing like being with the man you love. I will highly recommend Priest Ade  to anyone one out there who needs help whatsoever. If you have any problem contact Priest Ade, i give you 100% guarantee that he will help you!!.  ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com or ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com
    Write him on Whats-app +2347059715465 https://ancientspiritspell.wordpress.com

    SvaraRadera
  26. It's a privilege to share this miraculous testimony to the world. I'm Beth Walters from England. My husband divorced me 4 months back and I have been filled with remorse for I didn't know what to do to amend issues with my husband. I searched for help on the internet on how I could get help in my marriage and I discovered great testimonies about Priest Ade who has been progressive with his spells. I got in touch with him and behold, Priest Ade told me that he will prepare a spell for me that will bring back my husband. I was skeptical but I had no other option but to work with him. 2 days later, my husband called me to say that he's coming back home and from that day till this moment, we have been living peacefully. He is back now with so much love and caring. today i am glad to let you all know that this spell caster has the power to bring lovers back and the most surprising thing is that our love is very strong now,every day is happiness and joy. and There is nothing like being with the man you love. I will highly recommend Priest Ade  to anyone one out there who needs help whatsoever. If you have any problem contact Priest Ade, i give you 100% guarantee that he will help you!!.  ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com or ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com
    Write him on Whats-app +2347059715465 https://ancientspiritspell.wordpress.com

    SvaraRadera
  27. Hi, I've been searching for help on how to get my ex lover back that broke up with me 2 years ago.. I was traumatized by the break up and nearly wanted to commit suicide but I thank God that I got the contact of LORD ZAKUZA the spiritual father that helped me to get back my ex lover after much searching of help from different places. When I got in touch with LORD ZAKUZA, I explained everything to him to he gave me his words of encouragement and told me that he was going to prepare a spell for me that will help me get back my ex lover within 48 hours and I believed in his words for I was referred to him by a friend who he helped and right now, my ex lover is back and we are living happily together to get married next month. If you need any assistance whatsoever like getting cured from sickness, getting pregnant E.T.C. Then, I suggest that you get in touch with LORD ZAKUZA now through his WhatsApp him on + 1 (740) 573–9483 or Email: lordzakuza7@gmail.com I'm forever grateful to you LORD ZAKUZA.

    SvaraRadera
  28. My name is Stephanie Janet .This is a very joyful day of my life because of the help PRIEST OSAS has rendered to me by helping me get my ex husband back with his magic and love spell. i was married for 6 years and it was so terrible because my husband was really cheating on me and was seeking for a divorce but when i came across PRIEST OSAS email on the internet on how he help so many people to get their ex back and help fixing relationship and make people to be happy in their relationship. I explained my situation to him and then sought his help but to my greatest surprise he told me that he will help me with my case and here I am now celebrating because my Husband has changed totally for good. He always wants to be by me and can not do anything without my present. I am really enjoying my marriage, what a great celebration. I will keep on testifying on the internet because PRIEST OSAS  is truly a real spell caster. DO YOU NEED HELP THEN CONTACT PRIEST OSAS NOW VIA EMAIL:Unsurpassed.solution@gmail.com or call WhatsApp (+2348151243832)  He is the only answer to your problem and make you feel happy in your relationship
    VIA PAGE: https://www.facebook.com/Unsurpassed.solution1

    SvaraRadera
  29. My name is Stephanie Janet .This is a very joyful day of my life because of the help PRIEST OSAS has rendered to me by helping me get my ex husband back with his magic and love spell. i was married for 6 years and it was so terrible because my husband was really cheating on me and was seeking for a divorce but when i came across PRIEST OSAS email on the internet on how he help so many people to get their ex back and help fixing relationship and make people to be happy in their relationship. I explained my situation to him and then sought his help but to my greatest surprise he told me that he will help me with my case and here I am now celebrating because my Husband has changed totally for good. He always wants to be by me and can not do anything without my present. I am really enjoying my marriage, what a great celebration. I will keep on testifying on the internet because PRIEST OSAS  is truly a real spell caster. DO YOU NEED HELP THEN CONTACT PRIEST OSAS NOW VIA EMAIL:Unsurpassed.solution@gmail.com or call WhatsApp (+2348151243832)  He is the only answer to your problem and make you feel happy in your relationship
    VIA PAGE: https://www.facebook.com/Unsurpassed.solution1

    SvaraRadera
  30. My husband and I have been married for over 10 years. We met when I was 18 and he was 21. We’ve been through a lot emotionally together. There were several HUGE fights and painful situations in our marriage, but we always seemed to come out stronger on the other side. Out of the blue my husband just sprung the divorce talk on me, I was totally depressed until I found the Dr.Todd website online and I ordered a Love spell. You won’t believe my husband called me at the exact time this spell caster finished his spell work in 24hours. I was totally amazed! He is wonderful and his spells work so fast. His contact: manifestspellcast@gmail.com

    SvaraRadera
  31. How To Get Your Ex Lover/Partner/Boyfriend/Girlfriend/Wife Or Husband Back

    I was married for 16 years to a loving mother and wife. We had 2 children together who are now 11 & 13. I reconnected with an old girlfriend from college on Facebook and we began an affair and I left my wife. The woman I had an affair with is a wonderful woman and I love her too and our kids had begun accepting the situation and my wife has kind of moved on, but not in love with the man she is seeing. I thought I fell out of love with my wife and I felt terrible about what I did to her - she is a good woman and I don't know what came over me. I decided to try and get her back and I was recommended to Lord Zakuza for help to get reunited with my wife and within 48 hours after I made contact with Lord Zakuza my wife decided to work things out with me and now we are back together with our children living as one happy family. I really don't know the words to use in appreciation of what Lord Zakuza did for me but I will say thank you sir for reuniting I and my family back. For those in trying times with their marriages or relationship can communicate with LORD ZAKUZA through the below information's.

    Website via: lordzakuzaspells.com
    WhatsApp/call/text: +1 740 573 9483
    Email: Lordzakuza7 @gmail. com

    SvaraRadera
  32. How To Get Your Ex Lover/Partner/Boyfriend/Girlfriend/Wife Or Husband Back

    I was married for 16 years to a loving mother and wife. We had 2 children together who are now 11 & 13. I reconnected with an old girlfriend from college on Facebook and we began an affair and I left my wife. The woman I had an affair with is a wonderful woman and I love her too and our kids had begun accepting the situation and my wife has kind of moved on, but not in love with the man she is seeing. I thought I fell out of love with my wife and I felt terrible about what I did to her - she is a good woman and I don't know what came over me. I decided to try and get her back and I was recommended to Lord Zakuza for help to get reunited with my wife and within 48 hours after I made contact with Lord Zakuza my wife decided to work things out with me and now we are back together with our children living as one happy family. I really don't know the words to use in appreciation of what Lord Zakuza did for me but I will say thank you sir for reuniting I and my family back. For those in trying times with their marriages or relationship can communicate with LORD ZAKUZA through the below information's.

    Website via: lordzakuzaspells.com
    WhatsApp/call/text: +1 740 573 9483
    Email: Lordzakuza7 @gmail. com

    SvaraRadera